Home #2 Physics One day with the concepts about Electricity and Magnetism before Albert Einstein by Dr. Giovanni A. Orlando
One day with the concepts about Electricity and Magnetism before Albert Einstein by Dr. Giovanni A. Orlando PDF Print E-mail
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Sunday, 22 April 2018 08:42


Greetings in the Sun-day ... the Yellow day of the Healing ... ruled by Kings ... like was Arthur today El Moria ...

      Now is more than evident ... I, Giovanni ... am in Love with the Mathematics and the Physics of the so-called "Classics"  ... like Euler, Gauss as well Abel and Riemann.

        To be Honest ... Maxwell Theory of Electromagnetism was published by James Maxwell  in his Paper ...

A Dynamical Theory of the Electromagnetic Field (1865)

James Maxwell (13 June 1831 – 5 November 1879)


      You can also read such Paper in " The scientific papers of James Clerk Maxwell Vol  1 and 2 (bound as one)".

       We can read there ... the following statement ... at page 562 ... where we can read clearly ... about the 20 Quantities and 20 Equations ... which belong to the original design.

            If we consult the later words Written about Maxwell Equation by Nobel Prize H. A. Lorentz ... we have ... in the same German Notation used by Maxwell ... few years later in 1892 ... where appear 19 Equations ... using double notation Original with Integrals and rot or div ...


     Now ... Bernhard Riemann ... who die in Italy ...

     Not only wrote about Abel Functions ... not only famous for the Integral concepts ... not only about the Sphere ... or the Hypothesis related to his "Zeta" Function ... but also about a Book ... he published in

B. Riemann, Schwere, Elektrizität und Magnetismus, herauageg. von K. Hattendorf, Hannover, erate Aufl. 1876. (1880)

     Therefore we have:

  • Maxwell - Dynamical Paper - 1865.
  • B. Riemann, Schwere, Elektrizität und Magnetismus, herauageg. von K. Hattendorf, Hannover, erate Aufl. 1876. (1880) (After Maxwell first Edition where he talk about Quaternions ...)
  •         — A treatise on electricity and magnetism, 2 vol., Oxford, 1. ed. 1873, 2. ed. 1881, 3. ed. 1892.
  • H. A- Lorentz, La théorie électromagnétique de Maxwell et son application aux corps mouvants, Leiden 1892
  • Carl Gauss - Werke - 1845

      Maxwell explains in his First Edition of his Treatise ... the following Words:


    Therefore we are studying something extreme manipulated ... reduced and curtailed.

    In his book ... Thomas Bearden ... from the title consider "AIDS" was a Technological Biological Weapon ...

    Then he consider ... Einstein Theory inconsistent ...

    Exactly: ... Check more ...

Einstein assumed that the local spacetime of the observer
 would not be curved. 

      Hence he severely crippled his general relativity theory.  In the West, it remains an assumption to this day.  It is not a universal assumption in the Soviet Union, however, since the Soviets have long since written - and developed in the laboratory - unrestricted general relativity with local spacetime curvature, and hence local violation of conservation laws. 
So the scalar part of the quaternion interaction, that remains when the vector part of the resultant is zero, is magic indeed. 
      That is the magic unified field portion that everyone has been seeking for decades and decades!

       It was there at the beginning.  Then we inexplicably threw it away!

       But to return to our vector/quaternion examples. 

       Note also that the two vectors

1= ai + bj + ck,
2 = -ai - bj - ck                                  (4-6)

    sum to zero vectorially when added, such that

1 + v2 = 0                                              (4-7)

    However, quaternions may behave quite differently, even under addition.  For example, the two quaternions

1 = w + ai + bj + ck,
2 =w - ai -bj - ck                                   (4-8)

    sum their vector parts to a vector zero resultant, but do not sum to a scalar zero as well.  Instead, they sum to

1 + q2 = 2w                                            (4-9)

    As can be seen, quaternions which have the same vector parts as vectors, do not necessarily yield a complete zero when the vector parts sum to zero.  And when two vectors multiply to provide a zero vector resultant, corresponding quaternions may yield a scalar term that is equal to the product of the magnitudes of the two vectors. 
    In this way, the quaternion approach can capture the stress of the medium, induced by opposing or multiplying vectors.  In the vector approach, the stress of the medium is entirely lost when the two vectors sum or multiply to a zero resultant. 
    Let us see just how important this "vacuum stress" can be. 
    First, the "stress in the medium" represents curvature of space-time when that medium is the vacuum/spacetime. 
    In other words, the quaternion approach captures the ability to utilize electromagnetics and produce local curvature of spacetime, in an engineering fashion.  Heaviside wrote a subset of Maxwell's theory where this capability is excluded.*

Note that, by Maxwell's original quaternion theory, however, Einstein's assumption need not be true at all.  For example, look at equations (4-5) and (4-9):  Here we may utilize electromagnetic force quaternions to produce zeroed EM forces, and an increased stress in local spacetime.  In other words, we have curved local spacetime electromagnetically.  Since (with electrons) electromagnetic forces are about 1042 times as strong as the gravitation force, this local curvature of spacetime is not negligible. 
     That is, we have produced a scalar effect from zeroing vector operation between electromagnetic forces.  I have called this scalar electromagnetics, and pointed out that it is truly electrogravitation. 
We stress again that this violates one of the severely limiting assumptions that Einstein placed upon his theory of general relativity.  He assumed that curving spacetime could only be done by the weak gravitational force due to mass.  Since gravitational force is so weak, only a stupendous collection of mass - such as the sun or a star - could curve spacetime enough to notice experimentally. 
      Since obviously the observer and his laboratory instruments would never be located on the surface of the sun or a star, Einstein assumed that the local spacetime would never be curved!  In other words, the local frame would always be a Lorentz frame.  This meant that, locally, the familiar conservation laws of physics would always apply.  Curvature of spacetime would only occur at great distances, and at huge collections of mass such as a star or dwarf star. 
      Einstein did not write a complete, unlimited general relativity.  He wrote a sort of "special relativity with distant perturbations."
      If Einstein had had electromagnetic theory in quaternions, the scalar "vacuum pressure" parts would have been there for him to ponder.  It is highly probable that he would have captured the "electromagnetics-to-gravity conversion remainder" in the quaternion interactions. 
       If so, he would have written the full theory of general relativity, involving local violation of conservation of energy, a unified field theory, and the direct engineering of gravitational and antigravity effects on the laboratory bench by electromagnetic means. 
In that case, we should long since have navigated all around the solar system, colonized the planets, produced practical free energy devices and power systems, and avoided two great world wars and a host of little ones. 
     But let us now see if we can make a gravitational wave, electromagnetically. 
    Again, regard equations (4-5) and (4-9).  Suppose these are instantaneous operations of EM force quaternions whose vector parts are varying in magnitude, but in such a manner that the vector parts always form a zero vector resultant.  Now one can see that the scalar part remaining - which represents the stress of local space-time - is varying as the product of the magnitudes of the vectors in the interaction vary. 
     This means that one has now produced a scalar wave that represents the local variation of spacetime curvature in an oscillating manner . 
     Rigorously this is a gravitational wave.  It has been produced locally.  It has been produced by Maxwell's original unified theory. 
Again, I have called this area scalar electromagnetics.  The Soviets call it energetics. 
Where local spacetime curvature is varied, conservation laws (energy, conversation, etc.) need not hold.  Curved one way, the local spacetime acts as a source (of energy, charge, etc.)  Curved the other way, the local spacetime acts as a sink (of energy, charge, etc.)
     The Soviets often do not utilize the same restricted kind of general relativity that Western scientists adhere to. 
     Soviet papers in general relativity regularly point out the complete and unrestricted theory, where local spacetime curvature is allowed.  They also point out that all conservation laws may be violated by such local curvature.  Thus the Soviets have no unduly dogmatic respect for conservation laws.


   Now ... let us reduce a little the stress you know nothing and may be remain in "Null" ... and talk more about Books.

  Riemann book ... do not use terms like "Maxwell Theory" because by that date Maxwell were just ideas ... Instead he consider Green Theorem.

  In fact, in 1828 (before Maxwell) ... George Greene published privately a booklet ...

Applications of Mathematical Analysis to the Theory of Electricity and Magnetism

   that without the Lord Kelvin (Sir William Thomson) enter ... was lost.

   Again ... The German Edition in his Volume 19/23 ... talk also about Einstein Theory ... as released ...

   Let us be conclusive.

   In 1748 ... Leonhard Euler consider the "Transcendental Functions" ... still if they are very Elementary ... like are: Sin(x), Cos(x), Exp(x) and Log(x) ... I repeat in 1748.

   Therefore the Panorama was ... "There are not only Polynomials ... and Complex Numbers" ... but also Transcendental Functions.

   At the beginning of the 20th Century ...1902 was first Edition of "A Course of Modern Analysis" ... a resume of Equations in Physical-Mathematics was offered.

 Edmund Taylor Whittaker (24 October 1873 – 24 March 1956)

    To connect Prof. Whittaker with Klein's Encyclopedia and the Volume 19 related to Maxwell Theory and Einstein Theory we can cite ...


    In fact, it is extremely pleasant ... to read in such Volume ... before Einstein Theory about

    In English we have ...

2. Ponderale matter and ether. Although the field is often referred to as a part of the space, for example in the case of electrostatic phenomena of the part taken by non-conductors, the infinite space below is generally understood. Each part of the section contains either the senses directly accessible matter, ponderabele matter, or ether; It should therefore be assumed that inside a ponderable body no cavity can be produced that did not contain ether. "Ether " is what is called, in the absence of ponderabeler matter, as the carrier of the state variables occurring in the electromagnetic field equations.

     Zwölf ... Professor E. T. Whittaker ... few years before to pass ... in 1951 ... Publish a Second Edition of his ...

   There were:

  • Classical Theories and
  • The Modern Theories ...

     To Conclude ...

     Maxwell is not Maxwell ...

     Einstein is not Einstein ...

     and Aether is not Aether ... according to the Bhagavad Gita is just one of the Five Pandavas. (together with the Four Forces: Water, Air, Earth and Fire=Arjuna)

Mon Dieu.

Dr. Giovanni A. Orlando.

Last Updated on Wednesday, 21 November 2018 17:46